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Archive for October, 2016


Aidikoff, Uhl & Bakhtiari partner Philip Aidikoff to speak at 2016 PIABA program

Aidikoff, Uhl & Bakhtiari partner Philip M. Aidikoff has been invited to participate as a speaker at the 2016 Public Investors Arbitration Associate Bar Association (PIABA) conference program on Thursday, October 27, 2016 and Friday, October 28, 2016. Mr. Aidikoff’s panel is entitled “Hearing Strategy as Seen by Respondent Counsel”.  This panel will include leading Respondent Counsel Sean Coughlin, David Markun and Tracy Gerber and will discuss preparation and presentation issues as well as how to conduct an effective arbitration.

For more information and to register for the conference, visit https://piaba.org/.

SEC charges investment adviser with cherry-picking and allocating profitable trades for his own account

The Securities and Exchange Commission today announced fraud charges against an investment adviser accused of “cherry-picking” profitable trades for his own account rather than a client’s accounts, and misleading seniors and other clients about the fees he charged and the risks in investments he recommended.  The SEC Enforcement Division alleges that Laurence I. Balter and his Kihei, Hawaii-based firm Oracle Investment Research purchased equities and options in an omnibus account and waited to allocate the trades until after they were executed and Balter knew whether they were profitable.  Balter allegedly allocated profitable trades to his own accounts and unprofitable trades to his client accounts.  The SEC Enforcement Division further alleges that Balter falsely told clients invested in his affiliated mutual fund they would not pay both advisory fees and fund management fees, yet he charged both fees anyway.  Balter also allegedly made trades for the mutual fund that deviated from two of its fundamental investment limitations and ultimately resulted in a non-diversified portfolio that caused significant losses to investors.   “We allege that Balter reaped more than a half-million dollars in ill-gotten gains by siphoning winning trades from his clients and withdrawing more than his fair share of management fees,” said Jina L. Choi, Director of the SEC’s San Francisco Regional Office.  “Investment advisers breach their fiduciary duty when they favor their own interests and force clients to take less profitable trades without their knowledge.”

Aidikoff, Uhl & Bakhtiari associate Katrina Boice to speak at 2016 PIABA program

Aidikoff, Uhl & Bakhtiari associate Katrina Boice has been invited to participate as a speaker at the 2016 Public Investors Arbitration Bar Association (PIABA) conference program on Thursday, October 27, 2016 and Saturday, October 29, 2016. Ms. Boice’s panel is focused on “Case Management: The Key to Maximizing Client Returns and Growing Your Practice.” This panel will include office processes, procedures and technology e.g. software to make your office run smoothly.

For more information and to register for the conference, visit https://piaba.org/.

UBS Reverse Convertible Note Losses

On September 28, 2016, the U.S. Securities & Exchange Commission announced that it had imposed severe monetary penalties on UBS Financial Services in connection with the firm’s activities involving nearly $10.7 billion of stock-linked reverse convertible notes (“RCNs”) that had been sold to approximately 44,000 customer accounts between 2011 and 2014. (“In the Matter of UBS Financial Services Inc., Exchange Act Release No. 34-78958”)

The penalties, which included more than $9 million in disgorgement and a civil penalty of $6 million, were based on UBS having failed to develop and implement policies and procedures reasonably designed to educate and train its registered representatives in connection with RCNs so that they could adequately understand the risks and rewards of the product and could form a reasonable basis to make suitable recommendations to their customers.

Without adequate education and training, certain registered representatives made unsuitable recommendations in relation to the offer and sale of approximately 2,500 different RCNs to certain customers – many of whom had little or no relevant investing experience and had identified to UBS modest reported income and net worth, primarily moderate or conservative investment objectives, and some of whom were retired.

RCNs are a type of structured product issued by a financial institution as an unsecured debt obligation that is linked to the performance of an underlying single stock. RCNs are structured to pay a higher interest rate than conventional debt of the same issuer because of the inclusion of the embedded derivative that provides essentially a synthetic put on the underlying stock.

The UBS single stock-linked RCNs at issue in the SEC enforcement action involved certain complex structures, including: (1) Trigger Yield Optimization Notes; (2) Trigger Autocall Optimization Securities; (3) Trigger Phoenix Autocall Optimization Securities; (4) Airbag Yield Optimization Notes; and (5) Airbag Autocallable Yield Optimization Notes.

As noted in the SEC’s Enforcement Order, “UBS’s internal education and training primarily focused on describing the payouts for the various products and . . . it did not provide adequate training on certain important aspects of RCNs. For example, although the Structured Solutions Desk provided potential issuers with information regarding the RCN option features from the ‘investor’s perspective,’ internal educational materials lacked similar information. In addition, UBS’s internal educational materials did not describe sufficiently the role of implied volatility and the potential for breach in the selection of the equity securities underlying the RCNs. As a result, UBS registered representatives were not adequately educated and trained to understand adequately the risk and characteristics of the product, including relevant volatility concepts and the role that volatility played in the selection of the equity securities underlying the RCNs.”

If you are an individual or institutional investor who has any concerns about your accounts and/or investments with UBS Financial Services Inc., please contact us.

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